Who Invented the First Computer?
Charles Babbage was one of the most important people in the development of the first computer. This English polymath, philosopher, inventor, and mechanical engineer was credited with coming up with the idea for a digitally the programmable computer. Babbage’s work was influential, and his ideas are still the foundation of today’s computers. Who Invented the First Computer?
Charles Babbage, a British engineer, and inventor is considered to be the father of computing. In 1822, he began work on a mechanical device that would perform mathematical calculations based on finite differences. The device was intended to allow users to make more complex calculations with simple additions and subtraction instead of multiplications and divisions. Babbage developed a prototype Difference Engine and received government support for the project. The machine had a 20-decimal capacity and used discrete digits, which were carried on toothed wheels.
Charles Babbage’s mechanical calculating engine mirrored the modern computer in structure and function. It featured a separate program and data memory and an input/output unit It was powered by steam and operated by one attendant. It was the first computer of its kind. Unfortunately, it was not completed before the inventor died.
Who Invented the First Computer?
Charles Babbage began his career as a mathematician. He specialized in the calculus of functions. In 1816, he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society. He also played a major role in the formation of the Royal Astronomical Society. As he continued to study mathematics, he became fascinated with calculating machinery.
Babbage also developed various practical devices that helped humans. The cowcatcher, the dynamometer car, the standard railroad gauge, and the postal rate were all developed by Babbage. Babbage was especially close with his oldest son and spent most of his free time with his family.
Babbage’s life was filled with hardships. He faced bullying because of his size and appearance. He had a small head and did not look normal to others. As a result, people made fun of him, and he never spoke to anyone about it.
In the early 1940s, John Mauchly, a physicist, was teaching physics at Ursinus College, near Philadelphia. He became interested in the development of electronic computers and began researching electrical engineering. After working with Eckert for a year, Mauchly went on to form Mauchly Associates and began working on developing computer systems.
Mauchly was a pioneer in the field of computing, but he was not well known outside of his field. While Alexander Graham Bell and Samuel Morse achieved some fame as computer inventors, Mauchly never received much publicity. Despite this, in a 1971 editorial, The New York Times compared Mauchly to the Wright Brothers, Thomas A. Edison, and other pioneers. The newspaper also stated that Eckert’s claim to the first computer was an “unjust injustice.”
A computer scientist by training, Mauchly became interested in demonstrating the applicability of digital computers. He also wanted to establish a community for computing professionals He participated in the founding of the Association for Computing Machinery and was the first vice president. He also helped found the Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics.
John Mauchly was married in 1948. He lost his first wife Mary and married mathematician Kay McNulty, who would be one of the first ENIAC programmers. After the war, Mauchly saw an opportunity to start a new company. He founded the Electronic Controls Company in 1946 and later incorporated Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corporation with his wife. He died in 1980 at the age of 72.
The ENIAC computer remained operational until October 2, 1955. At that point, the technology had been proven to be commercially viable. Mauchly and Eckert later formed the Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corporation and built the first commercial digital computer, UNIVAC.
J. Presper Eckert
The first computer was invented by J. Presper Eckert during World War II. He worked with John Mauchly to develop a computer that was a general-purpose digital computer. Together, they established the first computer company in the United States. The company, later called Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corporation, designed the UNIVAC computer and sold it to the U.S. Bureau of Census. The company eventually became bankrupt and was bought by Remington Rand in 1949.
Eckert later worked for the Burroughs Corporation and Eckert Scientific International Corporation. Eckert is most famous for creating the ENIAC, the first general-purpose electronic digital computer Eckert studied at the University of Pennsylvania and graduated from the Moore School of Electrical Engineering in 1941. He then went on to co-found the Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corporation and developed a mercury delay line memory.
Eckert’s work on the ENIAC project led him to work on the design of electronic circuits. He was a member of the ENIAC group and supported the EDVAC project. The EDVAC computer included mercury delay lines for storing numbers. This greatly expanded the storage capacity of the ENIAC. The use of mercury delay lines also helped Eckert to develop the concept of stored programs.
Eckert was born in Philadelphia and attended the University of Pennsylvania. He earned a B.S. in 1941 and an M.S. in 1943. He later joined Remington Rand and became an executive. In 1989, Eckert retired from the company and became a consultant.
Eckert received many awards for his pioneering work on computers. He was elected to the National Academy of Engineering and received the US National Medal of Science. He also co-founded the Electronic Controls Company in Philadelphia, which manufactured computers.
Leonardo da Vinci
Leonardo da Vinci was a prolific inventor who dedicated half of his life to scientific inquiry. He filled dozens of notebooks with notes, experiments, and observations. The result is known as the Codices, and they offer insight into his methodical and creative approach to solving practical problems. The notebooks also feature drawings of what Leonardo learned in his studies.
In addition to being an accomplished artist, Leonardo da Vinci was a gifted engineer and designer, designing many of the modern machines we enjoy today. His designs were often based on materials and technology available in his time. While he did not invent the clock, he did invent scissors and even designed the first scuba equipment. The talented artist also had a keen understanding of human anatomy and was highly skilled at recognizing plants.
A few of Leonardo’s inventions were revolutionary. One was the aerial screw. His inspiration for this was a spiraling maple seed. While he did not intend for the screw to turn, he did inadvertently invent the first propeller. Leonardo also had an intuitive understanding of the rotational motion of a propeller.
After his death, Leonardo da Vinci’s inventions were studied. His discoveries impacted the fields of anatomy, civil engineering, hydrodynamics, and optics, but few of his designs were feasible during his lifetime. His concepts for aircraft and vehicles include the helicopter, tank, calculator, and double hull.
Leonardo da Vinci’s notebooks contain thousands of pages of notes and sketches. Most of these notebooks are in museum collections. A few of them have survived and even been published. Who Invented the First Computer?